Contingency Plan for Cyclonic Disasters
Due to the funnel shaped coast, Bangladesh often becomes the landing ground and breeding place of catastrophic cyclones formed in the Bay of Bengal. An average of 1-3 severe to moderate cyclonic storms hit each year, with associated storm surges as much as 13 meters higher than normal in extreme cases, which can reach as far as 70 km inland. From 1960 to 2002, a total of 173 depressions have been formed, out of which 66 major cyclonic storms and tidal surges have hit the Bangladesh coast. The propensity and extent of disasters has increased due to the effects of the climate change.