Image Title

Urban Empowerment Project

 

BDRCS-SRC “Urban Empowerment Project”

Project at a glance:

Country / region

Bangladesh, Dhaka Division

Project title

Urban Empowerment Project

Beneficiaries

738 households in 2 slums: 316 households in Pukurpar slum, Gazipur City Corporation and 422 households of Baganbari slum, Dhaka North City Corporation. The total estimated population is about 2955 people. Special attention lies on women, children, adolescents and those with special needs.

Project duration

2 years, from November 2016 – October 2018

Project location

Gazipur District: Ershadnagar, Pukurpar, Block-06, Tongi-Gazipur.

Dhaka District (Dhaka North City Corporation): Baganbari slum, Mirpur-14, Dhaka.

Project Financed by

Swiss Red Cross

Implemented by

Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS); BDRCS National Headquarter, Gazipur Red Crescent Unit and Dhaka City Unit.

Project Objectives

Equitable access to essential services is improved.

-     Outcome 1: Communities are organized and skilled to claim their rights and entitlements.

-     Outcome 2: Specific social, individual and physical health determinants are improved.

-     Outcome 3: Communities access to education and to the private labour market has improved.

-     Outcome 4: BDRCS utilises its capacity to expand its engagement in urban context/development.

Priority approaches

-       Community led interventions: creating ownership of the intervention through participatory approach in identifying needs and solutions, building capacity to carry out intervention, mobilising and utilising available resources within the community for sustainable development;

-       Create gender equality through inclusion of mothers and girls in the community management, empowerment of mothers and girls, to contribute to changes in their families and communities;

-       Building sustainable and empowered community through linkages, collaboration and coordination with other actors, inclusion of local governance institutions to support better urban development plans.

 

Executive summary

Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with a total population of 156.6 million. The population continuously grew over the last 30 years, so did the urbanisation. By 2014 Bangladesh’s urban population had reached 53 million with a current annual growth rate of 4.19% and is expected to grow up to 79.5 million by 2028. A crucial downside of the growing urbanisation is the increasing inequality in the urban context. 38% of Bangladesh’s urban population live in slums. Many of these are climate migrants who are forced to move to urban areas after losing their homes to river bank erosions or climate change. Different sources show, that slum dwellers are the most vulnerable of our time, looking at social and health indicators compared to the rural or urban population. Besides a constant threat of eviction, the risk of women who die in a slum during pregnancy and childbirth is much higher compared to rural and urban population and the mortality of children younger than 5 years in slums is almost double that in rural areas[i]. Also, malnutrition is another challenge, whereas Bangladesh national stunting rate stands at 36%, every second child under five living in a slum is stunted. However, the institutional strategies and frameworks of the Government continue to neglect these groups of people.

In a shift of attention from underserviced rural areas to marginalized populations regardless of where they live, the SRC Bangladesh Country Strategy foresees greater future engagement in the rapidly growing urban areas. Urban slums comprise the most disadvantaged pockets having sub-human living conditions that lead to enormous health costs due to high health burden and weak outreach of health care services. This pilot project aims at mitigating vulnerabilities linked to exclusion from basic health care and education, unhygienic and growth stifling living conditions, abysmal livelihood options, and widespread practice of outmoded social and cultural beliefs.

This pilot project will be carried out in two slums, one in Dhaka and one in Gazipur City Corporation, covering 738 households with approximately 2955 people in total. Based on the vulnerability and capacity assessment carried out in May 2016, the project interventions will address the needs of the slum communities and are implemented by our partner, the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS). The overall objective of the project is to increase the equitable access to essential services for slum dwellers. Therefore the project will address the priorities identified by the communities through establishing institutional linkages and partnerships for improving their access to essential public and private services. To empower the slum communities the project will support them to be better organized through strengthening the existing or establishing new community-based organizations and linking them with the local authorities and municipalities. BDRCS will carry out training in maternal, neonatal and child health, nutrition and hygiene to increase the health literacy and the health seeking behaviour of the beneficiaries. Moreover the project will sensitize the municipalities, school management committees and teachers to increase the access to education for children living in those slums. To increase income opportunities for slum dwellers and to reduce the high unemployment rate, especially among women, the project will enroll the slum dwellers on a skill development program in collaboration with local providers.

A key component of the multidimensional project intervention will focus on social behaviour change communication (BCC) tools and methods with men and women and other stakeholders in the community to address gender inequality, increasing women’s ability to influence decision, accessing key services, and engage in household economic activities and equipping them with knowledge about optimal health, educational and livelihood practices. Simultaneously the project aims at enhancing the capacity of the local partner, BDRCS, to reinforce their understanding and subsequent application of community-based approaches.

As this is a pilot project, a strong focus will lie on a comprehensive documentation of the project learning process and sharing achievements and lessons learnt among all the stakeholders involved and especially within the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

1. Livelihood Unit:

Under this project in Dhaka and Gazipur the following number of people are getting skill development training in different trade:

Name of the Working Area

Total number of People get training

Male

Female

Trade of training

Baganbari Slum, Mirpur-14, Dhaka

47

02

45

Industrial sewing, Quality control management in RMG, Auto-mechanics, Electronics Technician, Mobile Phone Hardware and Textile Knitting Machine Operator.

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

103

32

71

Tailoring, Beauty parlor, Driving, Computer, Industrial sewing and Drill workshop.

Total

150

34

116

 

 

2. Education Unit:

The following number of drop out and or out-of-school children has been enrolled in Dhaka and Gazipur District:

Name of the Working Area

Total number of enrolled children

Boys

Girls

Baganbari Slum, Mirpur-14, Dhaka

61

29

32

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

21

04

17

Total

82

33

49

 

Total 22 students got education purpose loan from CMC fund in 2018.

3. Child Unit:

Birth registration is a legal rights of each people in the society. To accelerate this right we have organized total 3 birth registration campaign in both working area in Dhaka and Gazipur district.

Name of the Working Area

Total number of registered

Children

Adult

Baganbari Slum, Mirpur-14, Dhaka

50

50

0

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

329

127

202

Total

379

177

202

We operated a day care center in Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur where 06 months to 5 years children are getting service.

Name of the Working Area

Number of Day care center

Total Children enrolled

Total Children Drop out

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

01

25

10

 

4. Health Unit:

Name of the Working Area

Health Awareness session

People covered

Medical Camp

Number of patient

Baganbari Slum, Mirpur-14, Dhaka

28

710

01

105

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

56

1347

02

200

Total

 

 

 

 

 

5. Waste Management Unit:

Name of the Working Area

Household covered

Sanitary Worker

Number of Van

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

254

02

01

         

 

Mass Waste Cleaning in Drain

Name of the Working Area

Number of campaigns

Cost Sharing by Projects

Cost Sharing by Ward Councilor

Estimated Household Covered

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

02

69

31

500

 

6. WASH

Name of the Working Area

Water testing points

Contamination

Decontamination

Baganbari Slum, Mirpur-14, Dhaka

05

00

00

Pukurpar Slum, Ershadnagar, Tongi, Gazipur

170

59

56

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