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Training on Prevention of Non Communicable Disease (NCD)

September 15, 2013

Bangladesh Red Crescent Society Health Department

Area: Barisal, Total MCH Center: 5, Number of Participants: 15, Period: 1-3rd July 2013, Venue: Caritas, Bangladesh; Barisal

Introduction

A Non Communicable Disease (NCD) is one that is not infectious. You can't catch it from another person. It is caused by genetics or lifestyle choices. No matter how much you wash your hands or cough into your elbow, you can't prevent non communicable diseases like hypertension, Diabetes or asthma. Exercise every day. Physical activity removes disease-causing toxins through sweat. It also prevents cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems and reduces the risk of cancer (www.who.org).

Non-communicable diseases are generally a result of lifestyle factors such as a person's background, diet, physical activity/inactivity, environment, tobacco use, alcohol consumption.

Non Communicable Diseases (NCD) are becoming increasingly common worldwide because of increasing longevity and high prevalence of contributing factors such as tobacco use, obesity, physical inactivity and unhealthy diets.

Non Communicable Diseases are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths. NCDs kill more than 36 million people each year. Some 80% of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

Although NCDs has been considered as a problem of the affluent, counter to the myth is, some 80% of this burden is borne by low to middle income countries like Bangladesh.  Even more worrying is the dangerous lack of awareness of this threat of NCDs to global health.

 

Bangladesh Red Crescent society (BDRCS) is implementing a prevention of NCDs project in 36 MCH centers out of 56 Mother and Child Health Care Centers (MCH) funded by Taiwan Red Cross (TRC).

Basic training was conducted on Diabetes and hypertension from 1st -3rd July 2013 total 3days. Training has been given 15 participants (3 from each centers) from Kazlakati, Karnakati, Dhaloher, Bankerhat and Bagdah.

After training they will collect information on Diabetes and hypertension from 5000 families and after collected information health education and courtyard meeting was given to approximately 500 families in the catchment area. Community Health Promoters (CHP) has identified who are the risk groups of high blood pressure and Diabetes and send this case in the MCH centers. Community Midwives of the MCH centers confirms the diagnosin and advice of this group.

Trainers:

Dr.Abdur Rob Howlader, Deputy Director and In charge of Barisal Amanatgong Red Crescent Hospital, Dr.Shahanaz, Health Officer, IFRC, Mrs.Feriza Akter, Public Health Nurse and Mir.Abdul Karim, Assistant Director and Coordinator of PHC Program conducted the training as facilitator.  

Plan of Action:

On the last day of the training a plan of action was chalked out by the participants. It was planned that each CHP cover 500 house hold around the MCH center. Total 10 CHPs in 5 MCH centers a total of 5000 households. CMWs will be in charge of supervision of CHPs in the program area.

Supervision and monitoring

Dr.Hasan Mahmud, Manager MCH program, Mir.Abdul Karim, Assistant Director & Coordinator,PHC program and Mr.Anwar Hossain, Field Officer of Barisal area will  be responsible to monitor the activities of NCD project.

Conclusion

In our country Diseases like Diabiatic and hypertension are increasing. Project like NCD can easily be implemented by MCH centers of BDRCS. So NCD project should be implemented in all the centers (56) of Bangladesh Red Crescent Society.

Need to know all

10 information on Non Communicable Diseases

 

  • Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs), primarily cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are responsible for 63% of all deaths worldwide (36 million out 57 million global deaths).
  • More than 9 million of all deaths attributed to NCDs occur before the age of 60.
  • 80% of NCDs deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Around the world, NCDs affect women and men almost equally.
  • 5 billion adults, 20 and older, were overweight in 2010.
  • Nearly 43 million children under 5 years old were overweight in 2010.

 

Tobacco use kills nearly 6 million people a year. By 2020, this number will increase to 7.5 million, accounting for 10% of all deaths.

  • Non Communicable Diseases are preventable through effective interventions that tackle shared risk factors, namely: tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol.
  • Non Communicable Diseases force many people into physical disablity and poverty. Expenditure of treatment is very high. Prevention and health education is a better choice.
  • Next
  • If the major risk factors for Non Communicable Diseases were eliminated around three-quarters of heart disease, stroke and type 2diabetes would be prevented; and 40% of cancer would be prevented.

(www.who.org)

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